The Trabuco is a war weapon that was used during the Middle Ages to crush masonry walls or projectiles. The Trabuco has been compared to the catapult. The Trabuco is also used as a synonym for revolvers and shotguns of a large caliber.
The Trabuco transforms the potential energy into kinetic energy. The primary mechanism comes from the sling. While some of the energy will turn into kinetic energy, the other part evaporates through friction. The counterweight size is equal to the projectile velocity. Calculations of any differences and energy are linked to the operation of the Trabuco.
Types of Trabucos
The Tensile Trabuco
This large machine on priberam.pt was moved through multiple people pulling it. The weight of the machine made it difficult to use. Controlling the teams was difficult, as it took a lot of effort to pull the strings at the same time for every shot.
The Hybrid Trabuco
The hybrid Trabuco originated in the Middle East as it was used by Arab merchants. The hybrid was different from the tensile because they added a weight to the end of the arm, which added an extra reach to the Trabuco. The hybrid Trabuco was able to throw 400 pound stones at Damietta. Europeans discovered the Trabuco during the Crusades. Europeans felt that the Trabuco would give them a greater weight. Soon, the Europeans were using horses, cows, human heads, and sand barrels as weapons in the Trabuco.
The origins of the Trabuco can be traced back to the sling. The Trabuco contained a piece of wood to extend it and provide a quality lever. The Chinese believed that a number of people should pull the strings attached to the lever. This was a smaller Trabuco with a lower extension according to sinonimos.com.br. The smaller Trabuco had a smaller time frame between launches. The smallest fraction can be used by one person. However, the larger Trabuco need multiple people in order to operate them. Soon citizens were using the Trabuco in order to defend their city.
Trabuco were initially believed to be machines invented by demons. Trabuco were seen in China during the 1200s, when the Mongols established an attack on the Xiangyang. A couple of Persian engineers built counterweight blunderbusses. The Trabuco were extremely heavy. Trabuco were also used during the Byzantine Empire. Charles VII of France purchased a Trabuco that could throw over five hundred kilos. The Trabuco could launch a stone every ten seconds. Sometimes human corpses would be used. Louis IX of France used Trabuco that he took from the Egyptians.
After reaching the Middle East through the Persians, Trabuco spread to Europe by way of Northern Germany. The Vikings used Trabucos in Scandinavia. The trabucos then spread to Italy and England. Richard the Lionheart used a couple of Trabuco to fend off attacks on his empire.
Once gunpowder became popular, the trabucos lost most of its notoriety. The cannon became the top option for most armies. Trabucos were instrumental parts during the battles at Burgos and Rhodes. Hernan Cortes was one of the last famous generals to use a trabuco.
Currently, trabucos are used for fun and as a way to explain the basic principles of mechanics at http://www.em.com.br/app/noticia/economia/2017/07/27/internas_economia,887137/cenario-do-2-semestre-e-o-melhor-dos-ultimos-tres-anos-diz-trabuco.shtml. Teachers are using trabucos to help mechanics. Many trabucos are in museums to help show people how influential they were in battles over multiple centuries, as well as the development of many historical processes.